History: 25 Years CD Ortofon, Garrard, Decca, Tannoy The Sound of Tubes and Transistors
Your Desert Island Discs Lp Cleaning & DIY Cleaning Formula Elisabeth Lugt Soprano
Garrard 4 & 5 HF
Turntable & Cartridge Adjustment Marie-Claire Alain, Organist
The Universal Stabilizing Ring SACD: Upsampling & Noiseshaping Decca London Ribbon HF Loudspeaker
URSR: Review in PFO 20
DIY: Turntable Weight/Clamp The Joy of Well Positioned Speakers
URSR: Review in HiFi World LP Lists Vintage Equipment
URSR: Picture Gallery
The Long Playing Record Guide
URSR: Positive Feedback Award
The TD124 page The SP10 Page
Joachim Bung: Swiss Precision Stefano Pasini: German Perfection
Mengelberg's St. Matthew Passion Plinth for Technics SP-10 mk2 Record Shops in Amsterdam
Paris Jazz The Sound of The Turntable Mat Acoustic Revive R77 Generator
CLASSIQUE 777 Lp Record Covers The Treasure Trove How to Correct WARPED Records
Klaas A. Posthuma - Remembered Ernst Lumpe: Allegro-Royale Pseudonyms Nostalgia: Violinists on 7" 45 rpm
Steinway-Lyngdorf Model D Infinity KAPPA 7 A Loudspeaker Systems DIY - Draaitafelconstructie - in Dutch
The Turntable Mat - Page in Russian Ajuste de un giradiscos NOTES: The Belt Drive Turntable
Phono Cartridge-Headshell-Plinth Porgy and Bess Active Loudspeaker System
Phono Cartridge Optimizing Gold for Bernard Haitink Rabco SL-8E Tangential Tonearm
Mercury Living Presence Records HiFi Tunes: DAS KLASSIKERBUCH DIY:Tonearm Building
The Bullet Plug Violinist/Violist Paul Godwin The Remington Site
Mercury Recordings on Fontana CINERAMA and Trinaural microphone Placement Concert Hall - Musical Masterpiece Society
  Willem Mengelberg and his orchestra filmed in Epinay in 1931- Contemporary Records - Lester Koenig-
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hobbyists's views for hobbyists
Record Handling & Care


How to get more out of your record collection.


Needle check.
When was the last time you had the diamond tip of your cartridge checked? More than 2 years ago?
Then it is time to have the tip checked by an expert. Or you can do it yourself, if you have a microscope.
Some people think that new needle assemblies are no longer available or that a specific MC cartridge is no longer in production. There are still over 3000 types of diamond styli available. Just find a dealer or an importer, or contact the manufacturer directly.
Remember: a diamond stylus will last for 1000 hrs. of playing time. Quality tips have a lifespan of 2000 hrs. of playing time.

Remember: you should always ask for the original replacement stylus which sounds the best. Only if it is no longer available you have to opt for a cheaper imitation or put a more recent quality cartridge in the arm.
Read here about the proper set up of your turntable.


Cartridge loading.
Is the sound shrill and are the high frequencies accentuated? Or is the sound too dull and lacks transparancy? In any case you should check if the cartrdge goes with your amplifier and with the arm of your turntable.Read on.

Playback characteristics.
Before the RIAA playback characteristic was generally adopted, record companies cut their records as they thought would make the music sound best on their own equipment. Today there are devices on the market which enable you to adjust the right characteristic for the playback of a variety of vintage records. But these are for the specialists. A good RIAA preamplifier will of course do perfectly well and such a unit need not be expensive.

Vertical tracking angle.
The vertical tracking angle (VTA) can differ from record to record. Check the tracking angle of the cartridge which should be mentioned in the specifications of the cartridge. Find the best position of the cartridge by adjusting/changing the height of the pivot at the arm's base. By lowering the armbase (pivot) the sound becomes rounder. Placing the armbase higher will give more definition. But a too high position will make the sound hollow and edgy. The best position is that which allows you to enjoy most records. And that could well be the position whereby the top of the cartridge (when looked from the side) is parallel to the record's surface.Read on.

Use a record clamp or a puck (record or turntable weight).
A record clamp or record weight will improve the contact of record and turntablemat. Vibrations and resonances will have lesser chance to be generated. False high frequencies will not occur. The overall signal will be more precise and the sound will have less distortion. See record stabilizer.

If you want even more quality: Use a peripheral record ring.
A peripheral ring with specific properties rests on the edge of the record while the record is played. The result is less distortion, a lower noise level, and a better rapport with the music. Read here about the function of the stabilizing ring.

Keep your records mint and clean.
Install the record player in such a way that you can easily access and use it, that is: low enough not to scratch a disc when putting it on the platter.
Always look at the record when putting the record on the platter, when lowering and lifting the arm/cartridge and taking the record off after play.

Never look away when you are in a discussion, but always concentrate on what you are doing. This will diminish the risk of damaging the record, the cartridge and/or the needle/diamond tip.

Also keep the records as clean and dustfree as possible. Use a good cleaning machine. Fingerprints, dust and grease are the enemies of your records and ... of your ears. Read more.


Avoid acoustical and mechanical feedback.
If you live in a house/appartment with concrete floors, you can use an audiorack to support your turntable.
Always choose a 4-legged rack. A 3-legged will not give firm support to amplifiers, players and turntables because on the side where there is only one leg, the corners of the shelf will not be supported and will have a bending mode.

Avoid glass shelfs. Have shelves made of birch plywood or just use chipboard which has a make believe veneer or similar pattern. That is the best material to start with.

Do not use MDF because of its uneven frequency characteristic. (Do not use it for loudspeakercabinets either, unless you glue three or four layers together for the baffle of the cabinet.)
If you do not have a concrete floor have a special shelf or rack mounted on the wall (with strong bolts).

Do not use more than one decoupling device. If you have a turntable with a suspended subchassis (Thorens, Linn, etc.) do not put the plinth on yet another set of springs or rubber insulators. Put the turntable directly on the shelf.

Speaker placement: find the best stereo image.
If you take all these measures and you are not content completely with the quality of the sound reproduction, there is a big chance that the position of your loudspeakers is at fault. Do not place them more than about 1.80 m (6 feet) apart from each other and not too far from the backwall. Bookshelf speakers need a different approach.

By decreasing the distance to the backwall you will improve the frequencies of the midband which follow the low frequencies. The midband also supports the harmonic reproduction of the high frequencies. Find the right distance between the speakers. Sometimes 1" can make all the difference. In conjuction with this exercise try to find the right distance to the backwall. In that way you will get the desired reproduction of the midband and thus a harmonious soundreproduction and a good soundstage. Good luck and enjoy. Read on.


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